Institute for Energy Transition
dedicated to Marine Renewable Energies


Socio-ecosystemic approach to the impact of floating wind farms

Duration: 4 years

Project description

Following the successful floating wind turbine call for proposals (AAP EolFlo) launched by the ADEME in 2015, pilot farms will soon be installed in the Atlantic (1 site) and the Mediterranean (3 sites). The integration of this particular infrastructure (i.e. floating offshore wind farms or FOWF) in the complex and coveted environments of coastal marine ecosystems is a challenge from the technical, legal, societal and environmental points of view.
The main objective of the APPEAL project is to build a new approach associating natural, human and social sciences in order to measure the effects of FOWF on the functioning of coastal socioecosystems and to propose decision support tools.
This three-year project will be carried out in three stages:

  • definition of the environmental, ecological, and socio-economic initial state (uses, perceptions and acceptability) of the future FOWF implementation sites,
  • modeling of possible evolutions in operations, economic impacts on fishing fleets, and interactions with other uses,
  • development of a socioecosystem model aimed at characterizing and analyzing interactions between all stakeholders and the environment while taking into account the legal framework.

Two pilot FOWF development sites will be studied as a priority: Groix & Belle-Île (Atlantic) and Leucate (Mediterranean).
In a broader sense, the APPEAL project will contribute to the identification and measurement of the real ecological and socio-economic issues raised by MRE projects.


  • Understand the effects of FOWF on socio-ecosystems
  • Develop numerical tools in order to characterize and measure stakeholderenvironment interactions
  • Develop tools for aiding integration of FOWF in their natural and socioecosystemic environments


Coordination: France Energies Marines
Scientific and technical management: UBO

APPEAL project partners

This work benefited from State financing managed by the National Research Agency under the Investments for the Future program (ANR-10-IEED-0006-25) and from France Energies Marines.


Investissements d'Avenir Logo


30/04/2019 - 2nd year of monitoring at sea at the Groix et Belle-Île site to study their impact in an integrated manner

09/04/2019 - Continuation of progress meetings

04/12/2018 - Two campaigns in Occitania to study in an integrated way the impact of floating wind farms

14/08/2018 - To study in an integrated way the impact of floating wind farms