Institute for Energy Transition
dedicated to Marine Renewable Energies

WINDSERV

Offshore wind farms role in securing biodiversity and ecosystem services: bridging the gap from a multi-model approach to services indicators

Duration: 24 months

Context

Marine ecosystems provide ecosystem services to human populations but under increasing anthropogenic pressure their production is disrupted. Ecosystem conservation is ensured by marine protected areas but their spatial coverage is currently insufficient in regards to the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
In addition, the development of offshore wind farms is required and is leading to the idea of a "win-win" strategy by reconciling clean energy production and preservation of biodiversity and the resulting ecosystem services. But for that, it is essential to understand and predict impacts, both positive or negative, of offshore wind farms on the ecosystems structure and functioning and to assess current ecosystem services and project their provision afterwards.

Objectives

  • To develop a multi-model approach to predict offshore wind farm impacts on ecosystems and the resulting services.
  • To guide a win-win strategy between offshore wind farm developments and conservation strategies.

Scientific contents

  • To develop a multi-model approach to predict offshore wind farm impacts on ecosystems and the resulting services.
  • To guide a win-win strategy between offshore wind farm developments and conservation strategies.

Expected results

  • Predictions and future projections of the ecosystems functioning in the areas of future wind farms implementations in Dunkerque (Eastern English Channel) and Leucate (Gulf of Lion) by coupling and forcing ecosystem models and simulating scenarios.
  • Novel quantitative and spatial ecosystem services indicators linked with off shore wind farms.
  • Knowledge base of conflicts and synergies between offshore wind farms development and ecosystem considerations.

Partners

Partenaires du projet WINDSERV

Ce projet bénéficie d’une aide de l’Etat, gérée par l’Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) au titre du programme des Investissements d’Avenir.

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