Institute for Energy Transition
dedicated to Marine Renewable Energies


Offshore wind farms role in securing biodiversity and ecosystem services: bridging the gap from a multi-model approach to services indicators

Duration: 24 months


Marine ecosystems provide ecosystem services to human populations but under increasing anthropogenic pressure their production is disrupted. Ecosystem conservation is ensured by marine protected areas but their spatial coverage is currently insufficient in regards to the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
In addition, the development of offshore wind farms is required and is leading to the idea of a "win-win" strategy by reconciling clean energy production and preservation of biodiversity and the resulting ecosystem services. But for that, it is essential to understand and predict impacts, both positive or negative, of offshore wind farms on the ecosystems structure and functioning and to assess current ecosystem services and project their provision afterwards.


  • To develop a multi-model approach to predict offshore wind farm impacts on ecosystems and the resulting services.
  • To guide a win-win strategy between offshore wind farm developments and conservation strategies.

Scientific contents

  • Development of an End-to-End model consisting on a trophic and spatial model forced by ecological niches models
    outputs and a biogeochemical model on the areas of future wind farms implementation in the Eastern English Channel and the Gulf of Lion and their related ecosystem indicators.
  • Development of novel ecosystem services indicators specific to the offshore wind farms and rooted in ecological knowledge and models.

Expected results

  • Predictions and future projections of the ecosystems functioning in the areas of future wind farms implementations in Dunkerque (Eastern English Channel) and Leucate (Gulf of Lion) by coupling and forcing ecosystem models and simulating scenarios.
  • Novel quantitative and spatial ecosystem services indicators linked with off shore wind farms.
  • Knowledge base of conflicts and synergies between offshore wind farms development and ecosystem considerations.


Partenaires du projet WINDSERV

Ce projet bénéficie d’une aide de l’Etat, gérée par l’Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) au titre du programme des Investissements d’Avenir.

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